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VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation and Comparison of Three Chemical Agents with a New Herbal Agent for Disinfection of Gutta-percha Cones: An in vitro Study

Shabeer Ummer, Prasanth Dhanapal, KM Charlie, Asha Joseph

Keywords : Bacillus subtilis, Grape seed extract, Gutta-percha cones

Citation Information : Ummer S, Dhanapal P, Charlie K, Joseph A. Evaluation and Comparison of Three Chemical Agents with a New Herbal Agent for Disinfection of Gutta-percha Cones: An in vitro Study. Cons Dent Endod J 2016; 1 (2):33-37.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0009

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-07-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016 Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of grape seed extract (GSE) as a gutta-percha disinfectant and to compare the efficacy with 5% sodium hypochlorite, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, and 2% chlorhexidine against Bacillus subtilis. Materials and methods: Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of GSE were calculated by serial dilution and well-diffusion method. Five hundred gutta-percha cones of ISO size 25 were divided into 10 equal groups (n = 50). The 10 groups of gutta-percha cones were inoculated with cultured Bacillus species and incubated for 72 hours for allowing bacterial growth. Each group was then treated with the test solutions for 1 and 5 minutes. The treated groups of gutta-percha cones were then incubated in brain heart infusion agar allowing for bacterial growth, which were later analyzed by the turbidity of the medium. The results were statistically analyzed. Results: Gutta-percha cones when treated with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate for 1 and 5 minutes showed the most inhibiting activity against B. subtilis. Grape seed extract was found to have limited activity against B. subtilis in both 1- and 5-minute interval. Both concentrations of NaOCl, 2.5 and 5%, showed reduced activity against B. subtilis. Conclusion: Grape seed extract though has antibacterial activity, when used as gutta-percha disinfectant, was found to be less effective than chlorhexidine gluconate against B. subtilis. Clinical significance: Different methods of gutta-percha cone disinfection have been advocated and GSE for gutta-percha cone disinfection was attempted owing to its herbal antibacterial nature.


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