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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Preparation Ability of ProTaper Next and XP-endo Shaper Instruments in Isthmus-containing Root Canal System

Mustafa Sarıkahya, Tayfun Alaçam

Keywords : Isthmus cleaning, M-wire, and Max-wire, NiTi instruments, Rotary instruments, Shaping ability

Citation Information : Sarıkahya M, Alaçam T. Preparation Ability of ProTaper Next and XP-endo Shaper Instruments in Isthmus-containing Root Canal System. Cons Dent Endod J 2020; 5 (2):28-35.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0065

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 04-03-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: This research compares the abilities of the preparation of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply-Maillefer) and XP-endo Shaper (XPS; FKG, Switzerland) files in mesial canals of lower molars with separate binary canals and one foramen with isthmus connection using µCT imaging. Materials and methods: The comparison showed 20 roots matched according to the similarities in preoperative canal volume, specimen length, and root curvature using preoperative scans, and then they were indiscriminately separated into two groups and prepared either with PTN or XPS instruments. After chemomechanical preparation, the roots were resubmitted to postoperative scans. Results: There was no variance in instrument systems for the volume of removed dentine, surface area as well as the amount of accumulated debris in the isthmus region (p >0.05). Change in canal surface area and amount of accumulated hard tissue debris (AHTD) was more in the PTN group for total root canal space (p <0.05). PTN instruments increased surface area in a shorter period. Conclusion: Both instrument systems with different design and metallurgic properties had reached the desired volume in different periods; however, neither technique was able to fully prepare the isthmus-containing mesial roots of lower molars.


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