Conservative Dentistry and Endodontic Journal

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Single-visit Apexification using Calcium Phosphate Cement

CS Deviprasad, G Praveena, Manoj C Kuriakose, Neethu Rajeev, Athira A Hari

Keywords : Apexification, Apical barrier, Calcium phosphate cement

Citation Information : Deviprasad C, Praveena G, Kuriakose MC, Rajeev N, Hari AA. Single-visit Apexification using Calcium Phosphate Cement. Cons Dent Endod J 2016; 1 (2):46-49.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0012

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-11-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).


An immature tooth with pulpal necrosis and periapical pathology imposes a great difficulty to the endodontists. Endodontic treatment options for such teeth consist of conventional apexification procedure with and without apical barriers and revascularization. Calcium phosphate is a calcium silicate-based cement that exhibits physical and chemical properties similar to those described for certain Portland cement derivatives. This article demonstrates the use of calcium phosphates as an apical matrix barrier in root end apexification procedure. This case report presents apexification and follow-up of a case with the use of calcium phosphate as an apical barrier matrix.

PDF Share
  1. Andreasen JO, Flores MT. Injuries to developing teeth. In: Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM, Andersson L, editors. Textbook and color atlas of traumatic injuries to the teeth. 4th ed. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 2007. p. 542-576.
  2. Leonardo MR, Silva LA, Leonardo Rde T, Utrilla LS, Assed S. Histological evaluation of therapy using a calcium hydroxide dressing for teeth with incompletely formed apices and periapical lesions. J Endod 1993Jul;19(7):348-352.
  3. Felippe MC, Felippe WT, Marques MM, Antoniazzi JH. The effect of renewal of calcium hydroxide paste on the apexification and periapical healing of teeth with incomplete root formation. Int Endod J 2005Jul;38(7):436-442.
  4. Parirokh M, Torabinejad M. Mineral trioxide aggregate: a comprehensive literature review – Part I: chemical physical and antibacterial properties. J Endod 2010 Jan;36(1):16-27.
  5. Fridland M, Rosado R. Mineral Trioxide aggregate (MTA) solubility and porosity with different water-to-powder ratios. J Endod 2003 Dec;29(12):814-817.
  6. Fridland M, Rosado R. MTA solubility: a long-term study. J Endod 2005 May;31(5):376-379.
  7. Islam I, Chng HK, Yap AU. Comparison of the physical and mechanical properties of MTA and Portland cement. J Endod 2006 Mar;32(3):193-197.
  8. Ishikawa K, Asaoka K. Estimation of ideal mechanical strength and critical porosity of calcium phosphate cement. J Biomed Mater Res 1995 Dec;29(12):1537-1543.
  9. American Association of Endodontists. Glossary of endodontic terms. 7th ed. Chicago (IL): American Association of Endodontist; 2003.
  10. Brown WE, Chow LC. A new calcium phosphate setting cement. J Dent Res 1983;62(Special issue):672.
  11. Fukase Y, Eanes ED, Takagi S, Chow LC, Brown WE. Setting reactions and compressive strengths of calcium phosphate cements. J Dent Res 1990 Dec;69(12):1852-1856.
  12. Takagi S, Chow LC, Hirayama S, Eichmiller FC. Properties of novel resorbable chitosan-calcium phosphate composites. Dent Mater 2003;19:797-804.
  13. Oqata H, Hayashi M, Tsuda H, Suzuki N, Maeno M, Sugawara A, Ogiso B. Effects of a calcium phosphate cement on mineralized nodule formation compared with endodontic cements. Dent Mater J 2012 Feb3;31(1):92-97.
  14. Kyung LS, Lee SK, Lee SI, Park JH, Jang JH, Kim HW, Kim EC. Effect of calcium phosphate cements on growth and odontoblastic differentiation in human dental pulp cells. J Endod 2010 Sep;36(9):1537-1542.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.