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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Mandibular Second Molar in a South Indian Population using Computed Tomography
N Subha, Koshy Minu, V Prabhakar, M Prabu
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:1-5] [No of Hits : 749]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To examine the root canal morphology of mandibular second molars in a South Indian population, using spiral computed tomography (CT).

Materials and methods: One hundred ten extracted mandibular second molars were scanned by spiral CT scanner and analyzed for number of roots, number of root canals per root and root canal configuration in each root.

Results: The total of 91.91% of the molars had two roots and 4.55% were three rooted. Single roots were also found (5.45%) and occurrence of four roots was rare (0.91%). Three root canals were found in 62.73% of the teeth, followed by two canals in 20.02%. C-shaped canals were seen in 4.55% of teeth.

Conclusion: In the teeth examined, there was a predominance of two roots and three canals. Type IV canal configuration was common in mesial roots and Type I in distal roots. Three roots and C-shaped canals were also recorded.

Keywords: C-shaped canal, Mandibular second molar, Spiral computed tomography, Vertucci’s classification.

How to cite this article: Subha N, Minu K, Prabhakar V, Prabu M. Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Mandibular Second Molar in a South Indian Population using Computed Tomography. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Endodontic Management of a Taurodontic Mandibular Second Molar
Khaleel Ahamed Thaha, Nasil Sakkir, Mali G Nair, A Ajaz, Lija Issac Parackal
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:14-17] [No of Hits : 588]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Taurodontism is a dental anomaly in which the involved tooth has an enlarged and elongated pulp chamber with short roots. Endodontic treatment of a taurodont tooth presents challenges to a clinician for visibility, cleaning and shaping as well as obturation of the root canals. In this case report, a 16-year-old female patient presented with spontaneous pain in relation to mandibular right second molar. On radiographic examination, the tooth had a carious lesion extending to the pulp chamber which was large and elongated with apically located furcation and two short roots. The taurodontic index (TI) for this particular tooth was 34.2, corresponding to mesotaurodontism. Endodontic treatment was successfully completed using lateral condensation technique and postendodontic restoration given.

Keywords: Bull teeth, Enlarged pulp chamber, Mesotaurodontism, Taurodontism.

How to cite this article: Thaha KA, Sakkir N, Nair MG, Ajaz A, Parackal LI. Endodontic Management of a Taurodontic Mandibular Second Molar. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):14-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Probiotics: An End to Caries?
Subija K Narayanankutty, S Amal, VG Sam Joseph, SG Anupama
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:6-8] [No of Hits : 532]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Probiotics have been recently introduced in dentistry and is one of the newer approaches in caries management. They have been used successfully for several years mainly for gastrointestinal disorders. Most probiotic strains belong to Lactobacilli or bifidobacteria group. Mechanism of action of probiotics is mainly unknown but may include intermicrobial species interactions and immunostimulatory effects. Randomized controlled trials have shown the inhibitory effect of probiotics against caries. Even though direct recommendations for the use of probiotics cannot yet be given, scientific evidence so far indicates that probiotic therapy may be a reality in dentistry in the future.

Keywords: Bifidobacterium, Dental caries, Lactobacillus, Probiotics.

How to cite this article: Narayanankutty SK, Amal S, Joseph VGS, Anupama SG. Probiotics: An End to Caries?. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):6-8.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
Management of Complicated Crown-root Fracture
Sudheer Kumar Prabhu, CU Vivek Chand, VG Sam Joseph, Mini K John
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:9-13] [No of Hits : 531]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Traumatic injuries of the teeth and their structures are complex and require comprehensive examination, accurate diagnosis, consideration of various factors involved and a multidisciplinary approach for successful treatment outcome. Dental trauma, in which the fracture line originates in the crown portion of the tooth, extends apically into the root in an oblique direction is referred to as a crown-root fracture. Subgingival fracture of a tooth presents a challenging restorative problem and needs efficient assessment for treatment. A fractured tooth presents a multifaceted problem which warrants a multidisciplinary treatment. A fractured tooth presents a multifaceted problem which warrants a multidisciplinary treatment. Interdisciplinary treatment approach holds true especially in multifaceted problems like traumatic tooth fracture. Every dental professional must be prepared to assess and treat efficiently.

Keywords: Computed crown-root fracture, Dental traumatic injuries, Orthodontic extrusion, Subgingival fracture management.

How to cite this article: Prabhu SK, Chand CUV, Joseph VGS, John MK. Management of Complicated Crown-root Fracture. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):9-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Local Drug Delivery as an Adjunct to Surgical Intervention in the Management of Periapical Cyst
P Sajith Chandran, Anulekh Babu, CU Vivekchand, Lija I Parackal, Susan Jacob, Deepthi Simon
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:28-31] [No of Hits : 62]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0021 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Radicular cysts are the most common cystic lesions affecting the jaws. They arise from the epithelial remnants in the periodontal ligament as a result of the stimulus from periapical infection following pulpal necrosis. Treatment options to manage large periapical lesions range from nonsurgical root canal treatment or apical surgery to extraction. New approaches involve the use of local drug delivery systems based on microparticles/ nanoparticles made from biocompatible polymers along with surgical intervention. Such devices enable the introduction of antimicrobial agents or other drugs directly in the periradicular area or inside the root canal, and the prolonged release of constant concentrations of these agents for fast and better healing. The present case report illustrates the combined endodontic and surgical management of a large periapical cyst with local drug delivery as an adjunct.

Keywords: Biodentin, Hydroxyapatite, Local drug delivery, Periapical cyst.

How to cite this article: Chandran PS, Babu A, Vivekchand CU, Parackal LI, Jacob S, Simon D. Local Drug Delivery as an Adjunct to Surgical Intervention in the Management of Periapical Cyst. Cons Dent Endod J 2017;2(1):28-31.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Nonsurgical Management of a Central Incisor with severe Internal Resorption and an Immature Apex
Deepak Dinesh, George Chacko, Ganesh Chitharanjan
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:12-15] [No of Hits : 46]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0018 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Resorption is a pathologic process that always confuses the dentists with its varied etiologic factors and clinical presentations. Resorption can be classified into internal and external. Internal resorption lesions are notoriously difficult to manage because of their irregular and aberrant root canal anatomy. Immature apexes also possess a similar clinical challenge because of the absence of an apical stop. This article describes the nonsurgical management of a central incisor with severe internal resorption and an immature apex utilizing single-step mineral trioxide aggregate apexification along with injectable gutta-percha obturation.

Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, Injectable gutta-percha obturation, Internal root resorption, Mineral trioxide aggregate, Open apex.

How to cite this article: Dinesh D, Chacko G, Chitharanjan G. Nonsurgical Management of a Central Incisor with severe Internal Resorption and an Immature Apex. Cons Dent Endod J 2017;2(1):12-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Management of Discolored Tooth with Separated Instrument
Ratheesh Rajendran, K Radhakrishnan Nair, Manoj C Kuriakose, Aadit Anilkumar, Faisal Nazar
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:36-39] [No of Hits : 44]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0023 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Tooth discoloration commonly occurs after trauma to tooth, which leads to pulpal injury. Trauma to the pulpal blood vessel leads to hemorrhage and releases iron from hemoglobin. The iron which is released from hemoglobin combines with hydrogen sulfide to form iron sulfide, which gives the tooth its characteristic dark appearance. Tooth discoloration can be treated by nonvital tooth bleaching, if the tooth structure is intact. A combination of hydrogen peroxide and sodium perborate reduces the discoloration of the tooth by a process of oxidation. During root canal preparation procedures, the common mishap that occurs is instrument separation inside the root canal. The fractured fragment in the root canal can hinder proper preparation of root canal space. Continuous pain or discomfort may result if it is not removed or bypassed. It is more conservative to bypass the fractured instrument, particularly in cases where access to the fragment is restricted (apical one-third of canal or beyond the canal curvature) and its removal may lead to excessive removal of dentin with associated sequelae.

Keywords: Bypassing, Instrument separation, Nonvital tooth bleaching, Sodium perborate.

How to cite this article: Rajendran R, Nair KR, Kuriakose MC, Anilkumar A, Nazar F. Management of Discolored Tooth with separated Instrument. Cons Dent Endod J 2017;2(1):36-39.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  CASE REPORT
Single-visit Apexification using Biodentin
Faisal Nazar, K Radhakrishnan Nair, G Praveena, Aadit Anilkumar, Ratheesh Rajendran
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:40-42] [No of Hits : 40]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0024 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Trauma to the tooth mainly results in pulpal injury, and these injuries during formative stage can result in incomplete root formation. This can result in failure in closure of root apex, resulting in wide open apex. This causes problem for the conventional root canal therapy as there is no apical stop against which the obturation material can be condensed. The management of a nonvital tooth with open apex is aimed at creation of an apical barrier. The newly introduced bioactive dentin substitute commercially available as biodentin is a promising material. It is a cement for stimulating hard tissue formation, i.e., the formation of reactive or reparative (tertiary) dentin. This case report describes the management of a traumatized permanent maxillary central incisor with an open apex.

Keywords: Apexification, Apical barrier, Biodentin, Open apex.

How to cite this article: Nazar F, Nair KR, Praveena G, Anilkumar A, Rajendran R. Single-visit Apexification using Biodentin. Cons Dent Endod J 2017;2(1):40-42.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  Editorial
Editorial
Ganesh Chitharanjan
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:iv] [No of Hits : 40]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

The first issue of Conservative Dentistry and Journal (CEJ) for the year 2017 is now available online. The online article submission platform has helped streamlining the reviewing process and has helped give a professional quality to the journal. In addition to original articles and case reports, this Issue also has the second part of the article on Plagiarism and Scientific publishing. I hope the postgraduates will go through the article, as it can clear a lot of their doubts.

 
10.  INVITED REVIEW
Scientific Publishing with Integrity: Self-plagiarism, Salami Slicing, and Copyright Infringement – Part II
Vinod Krishnan
[Year:2017] [Month:January-June] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:42] [Pages No:1-3] [No of Hits : 40]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0015 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Plagiarism is a serious concern in recent era, wherein one copies from others’ work without properly citing the source, making redundancy in literature. This ever-growing problem ruining scientific database can be controlled if one knows clearly about the consequences of copying from other sources. The first part of the article has dealt with the various aspects of plagiarism and this second and final part will deal with its legalities. This part will highlight the areas of self-plagiarism, copyright infringement, and the funniest part of various excuses made by people who often plagiarize.

Keywords: Copyright infringement, Ethics in publishing, Salami slicing, Self-plagiarism.

How to cite this article: Krishnan V, Orth M. Scientific Publishing with Integrity: Self-plagiarism, Salami Slicing, and Copyright Infringement - Part II. Cons Dent Endod J 2017;2(1):1-3.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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