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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Mandibular Second Molar in a South Indian Population using Computed Tomography
N Subha, Koshy Minu, V Prabhakar, M Prabu
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:1-5] [No of Hits : 928]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To examine the root canal morphology of mandibular second molars in a South Indian population, using spiral computed tomography (CT).

Materials and methods: One hundred ten extracted mandibular second molars were scanned by spiral CT scanner and analyzed for number of roots, number of root canals per root and root canal configuration in each root.

Results: The total of 91.91% of the molars had two roots and 4.55% were three rooted. Single roots were also found (5.45%) and occurrence of four roots was rare (0.91%). Three root canals were found in 62.73% of the teeth, followed by two canals in 20.02%. C-shaped canals were seen in 4.55% of teeth.

Conclusion: In the teeth examined, there was a predominance of two roots and three canals. Type IV canal configuration was common in mesial roots and Type I in distal roots. Three roots and C-shaped canals were also recorded.

Keywords: C-shaped canal, Mandibular second molar, Spiral computed tomography, Vertucci’s classification.

How to cite this article: Subha N, Minu K, Prabhakar V, Prabu M. Root Canal Morphology of Permanent Mandibular Second Molar in a South Indian Population using Computed Tomography. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Endodontic Management of a Taurodontic Mandibular Second Molar
Khaleel Ahamed Thaha, Nasil Sakkir, Mali G Nair, A Ajaz, Lija Issac Parackal
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:14-17] [No of Hits : 668]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Taurodontism is a dental anomaly in which the involved tooth has an enlarged and elongated pulp chamber with short roots. Endodontic treatment of a taurodont tooth presents challenges to a clinician for visibility, cleaning and shaping as well as obturation of the root canals. In this case report, a 16-year-old female patient presented with spontaneous pain in relation to mandibular right second molar. On radiographic examination, the tooth had a carious lesion extending to the pulp chamber which was large and elongated with apically located furcation and two short roots. The taurodontic index (TI) for this particular tooth was 34.2, corresponding to mesotaurodontism. Endodontic treatment was successfully completed using lateral condensation technique and postendodontic restoration given.

Keywords: Bull teeth, Enlarged pulp chamber, Mesotaurodontism, Taurodontism.

How to cite this article: Thaha KA, Sakkir N, Nair MG, Ajaz A, Parackal LI. Endodontic Management of a Taurodontic Mandibular Second Molar. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):14-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Probiotics: An End to Caries?
Subija K Narayanankutty, S Amal, VG Sam Joseph, SG Anupama
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:6-8] [No of Hits : 639]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Probiotics have been recently introduced in dentistry and is one of the newer approaches in caries management. They have been used successfully for several years mainly for gastrointestinal disorders. Most probiotic strains belong to Lactobacilli or bifidobacteria group. Mechanism of action of probiotics is mainly unknown but may include intermicrobial species interactions and immunostimulatory effects. Randomized controlled trials have shown the inhibitory effect of probiotics against caries. Even though direct recommendations for the use of probiotics cannot yet be given, scientific evidence so far indicates that probiotic therapy may be a reality in dentistry in the future.

Keywords: Bifidobacterium, Dental caries, Lactobacillus, Probiotics.

How to cite this article: Narayanankutty SK, Amal S, Joseph VGS, Anupama SG. Probiotics: An End to Caries?. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):6-8.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
Healing of Large Periapical with Tricalcium Silicate-based Root End Filling Material
Snehal S Sonarkar, Rucheet Purba, Shishir Singh, Rajesh Podar
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:34] [Pages No:41-45] [No of Hits : 616]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0011 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Periradicular disease is mainly caused by varied microflora present in the root canal system. These microorganisms are removed to some extent with the help of various steps in root canal treatment. The infected teeth are treated nonsurgically rather than treating directly by surgical root canal treatment. For the successful surgical treatment, root end filling material is placed at the root end. This case report describes a case which is prior to nonsurgical method; however, because of complications these teeth are treated surgically. Biodentine being a biocompatible material can be used as a root end filling material, according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The patient was recalled at a regular interval and it was found that periradicular tissue responded well to the restorative material. However, the long-term success rate for this material is yet to be evaluated, so for evaluation this case is followed up.

Keywords: Apicoectomy, Biodentine, Endodontic microsurgery, Periradicular pathology, Periradicular surgery.

How to cite this article: Sonarkar SS, Purba R, Singh S, Podar R. Healing of Large Periapical with Tricalcium Silicate-based Root End Filling Material. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(2):41-45.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Management of Complicated Crown-root Fracture
Sudheer Kumar Prabhu, CU Vivek Chand, VG Sam Joseph, Mini K John
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:9-13] [No of Hits : 615]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Traumatic injuries of the teeth and their structures are complex and require comprehensive examination, accurate diagnosis, consideration of various factors involved and a multidisciplinary approach for successful treatment outcome. Dental trauma, in which the fracture line originates in the crown portion of the tooth, extends apically into the root in an oblique direction is referred to as a crown-root fracture. Subgingival fracture of a tooth presents a challenging restorative problem and needs efficient assessment for treatment. A fractured tooth presents a multifaceted problem which warrants a multidisciplinary treatment. A fractured tooth presents a multifaceted problem which warrants a multidisciplinary treatment. Interdisciplinary treatment approach holds true especially in multifaceted problems like traumatic tooth fracture. Every dental professional must be prepared to assess and treat efficiently.

Keywords: Computed crown-root fracture, Dental traumatic injuries, Orthodontic extrusion, Subgingival fracture management.

How to cite this article: Prabhu SK, Chand CUV, Joseph VGS, John MK. Management of Complicated Crown-root Fracture. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):9-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  INVITED REVIEW
Scientific Publishing with Integrity—The Problems and Its Solutions: Part I
Vinod Krishnan
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:34] [Pages No:25-27] [No of Hits : 609]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0007 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In the modern era where the buzz word is “publish or perish,” numerous articles suspicious of misconduct are observed. People often do this out of sheer ignorance of its consequences or to get speedier publication, which lead to both career progression and fame. It is essential that one should be aware of the after-effects of “cut/copy and paste” from another source without giving due credit to the original work, lack of which can lead to serious consequences. This two-part article is intended to make the scientific dental community aware of various forms of misconduct observed as far as scientific publishing is concerned. This also outlines the measures observed so that the amount of plagiarism or misconduct can be minimized or prevented

. Keywords: Ethics in publishing, Mosaic plagiarism, Plagiarism, Verbatim plagiarism

. How to cite this article: Krishnan V. Scientific Publishing with Integrity-The Problems and Its Solutions: Part I. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(2):25-27

. Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Preservation of the Fractured Natural Tooth by Reattachment with Fiber Post: Two Case Reports
SL Satheesh, Preethi A Koshy, C Ganesh, M Noora
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:34] [Pages No:50-54] [No of Hits : 569]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0013 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Reattachment of a fractured tooth fragment is a conservative approach that helps to restore form, function, esthetics, and phonetics in a short time. Reattachment procedures have become more predictable with developments in adhesive materials, posts, and preparation techniques that enhance the durability and strength of the procedure. This article discusses the management of two complicated crown fractures that were successfully treated by fragment reattachment using a minimally invasive approach.

Keywords: Crown fracture, Fibre post, Reattachment.

How to cite this article: Satheesh SL, Koshy PA, Ganesh C, Noora M. Preservation of the Fractured Natural Tooth by Reattachment with Fiber Post: Two Case Reports. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(2):50-54.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Evaluation and Comparison of Three Chemical Agents with a New Herbal Agent for Disinfection of Gutta-percha Cones: An in vitro Study
Shabeer Ummer, Prasanth Dhanapal, Liza George, KM Charlie, Asha Joseph
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:34] [Pages No:33-37] [No of Hits : 534]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0009 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of grape seed extract (GSE) as a gutta-percha disinfectant and to compare the efficacy with 5% sodium hypochlorite, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, and 2% chlorhexidine against Bacillus subtilis.

Materials and methods: Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration of GSE were calculated by serial dilution and well-diffusion method. Five hundred gutta-percha cones of ISO size 25 were divided into 10 equal groups (n = 50). The 10 groups of gutta-percha cones were inoculated with cultured Bacillus species and incubated for 72 hours for allowing bacterial growth. Each group was then treated with the test solutions for 1 and 5 minutes. The treated groups of gutta-percha cones were then incubated in brain heart infusion agar allowing for bacterial growth, which were later analyzed by the turbidity of the medium. The results were statistically analyzed.

Results: Gutta-percha cones when treated with 2% chlorhexidine gluconate for 1 and 5 minutes showed the most inhibiting activity against B. subtilis. Grape seed extract was found to have limited activity against B. subtilis in both 1- and 5-minute interval. Both concentrations of NaOCl, 2.5 and 5%, showed reduced activity against B. subtilis.

Conclusion: Grape seed extract though has antibacterial activity, when used as gutta-percha disinfectant, was found to be less effective than chlorhexidine gluconate against B. subtilis.

Clinical significance: Different methods of gutta-percha cone disinfection have been advocated and GSE for gutta-percha cone disinfection was attempted owing to its herbal antibacterial nature.

Keywords: Bacillus subtilis, Grape seed extract, Gutta-percha cones.

How to cite this article: Ummer S, Dhanapal P, George L, Charlie KM, Joseph A. Evaluation and Comparison of Three Chemical Agents with a New Herbal Agent for Disinfection of Gutta-percha Cones: An in vitro Study. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(2):33-37.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Single-visit Apexification using Calcium Phosphate Cement
CS Deviprasad, G Praveena, Manoj C Kuriakose, Neethu Rajeev, Athira A Hari
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:34] [Pages No:46-49] [No of Hits : 519]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0012 | FREE

ABSTRACT

An immature tooth with pulpal necrosis and periapical pathology imposes a great difficulty to the endodontists. Endodontic treatment options for such teeth consist of conventional apexification procedure with and without apical barriers and revascularization. Calcium phosphate is a calcium silicate-based cement that exhibits physical and chemical properties similar to those described for certain Portland cement derivatives. This article demonstrates the use of calcium phosphates as an apical matrix barrier in root end apexification procedure. This case report presents apexification and follow-up of a case with the use of calcium phosphate as an apical barrier matrix.

Keywords: Apexification, Apical barrier, Calcium phosphate cement.

How to cite this article: Deviprasad CS, Praveena G, Kuriakose MC, Rajeev N, Hari AA. Single-visit Apexification using Calcium Phosphate Cement. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(2):46-49.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Endodontic Management of Foreign Body Impaction in Teeth
Jinu George, S Anand, VG Sam Joseph, J Sreeja
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:24] [Pages No:18-20] [No of Hits : 510]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10048-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Foreign objects are often diagnosed unexpectedly during a dental treatment. The occurrence of foreign bodies in teeth is more frequent in children, as they have a tendency to place objects in mouth. Food lodgement in carious involved teeth also lead to object lodgement as patients tends to clean it with sharp objects. The foreign objects act as foci of infection and leads to pulpal pathosis. This case report discusses the foreign body impaction in a tooth, its retrieval and management of the involved teeth.

Keywords: Central incisor, Endodontic management, Foreign body.

How to cite this article: George J, Anand S, Joseph VGS, Sreeja J. Endodontic Management of Foreign Body Impaction in Teeth. Cons Dent Endod J 2016;1(1):18-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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